Ai harmony, love
Aiki harmonious energy
Aikido a martial art founded by Morihei Ueshiba
Aikikai aikido school
Ai hanmi the position taken by two students facing each other, in which each has the same foot forward, i.e. each has the right foot forward, or each has the left foot forward
Atemi a strike
Bokken wooden sword
Budo martial way
Chudan middle level, level of the chest and abdomen
Dan black belt rank
Do way, path, Tao
Dojo place where a martial art is practiced ("way place")
Domo Arigato Gozaimashita thank you very much
Doshu the title of the person who is the head of the International Aikido Federation, currently Moriteru Ueshiba, the grandson of the founder of Aikido.
Fukushidoin the first (or lowest) of the three teaching ranks used in the United States Aikido Federation, Western Region
Gedan lower level, knee level
Godan fifth degree black belt
Gokyo fifth pinning technique
Gokyu the first rank obtained by a new student (see "kyu")
Gyaku Hanmi the position taken by two partners facing each other in which each has the opposite foot forward, a mirror image configuration
Hakama a traditional Japanese menís garment like a long divided skirt that is worn by black belt or instructor training students
Hanmi triangular stance used in aikido
Hanmi handachi the configuration in which the attacker is standing and the receiver is kneeling
Hombu Dojo "headquarters dojo", the Aikido World Headquarters, located in Tokyo.
Hombu dojo style the style of aikido practiced at Hombu Dojo. The Grass Valley Aikikai practices Hombu dojo style.
Ikkyo first pinning technique
Ikkyu the rank just before black belt
Iriminage entering throw
Jo staff. Sometimes spelled "jyo".
Jodan upper level, face level
Jujinage a throw in which two partnerís arms make a cross. "Juji" means cross, as in the Roman numeral for ten (X).
Kaiten sliding the foot forward, then pivoting 180 degrees
Kaitennage rotary throw
Kamiza a small shrine
Katadori shoulder grab
Katatedori hand grab
Kenshusei student in an instructor training program
Ki energy, life force
Ki no nagare flowing movement
Kohai junior student
Kokyudosa a traditional exercise often performed at the end of class (Suwariwaza ryotedori kokyuho)
Kokyuho breath exercise
Kokyunage breath throw
Kotegaeshi wrist turning throw
Koshinage hip throw
Kyu white belt rank. Kyu ranks go in inverse order from fifth to first. Black belt ranks start at first degree and go up.
Kyudansha a person who wears a white belt, or a group of people with white belt rank
Mai ai proper distance with respect to oneís partner
Masakatsu agatsu true victory is self-victory
Morotedori two hands grabbing one hand
Nage the person who is attacked. As a word ending it means throw, e.g. "kokyunage" translates as "breath throw".
Nidan second degree black belt
Nikkyo second pinning technique
Nikkyu the second rank before black belt
Omote front. Most aikido techniques have two versions, omote and ura. The omote version brings the action to front of the partner's body. The ura version takes the action behind the partner.
Onegai shimasu "Let us begin." This is a traditional phrase said to one's partner when initiating practice. It can be translated several ways, and is sometimes used to answer the phone or when entering a store.
O-Sensei the founder of Aikido, Morihei Ueshiba
Randori a multiple attack exercise
Rokkyo sixth pinning technique
Rokudan sixth degree black belt
Ryokatadori double shoulder grab
Ryotedori two hands grabbing two hands
San - three
Sandan third degree black belt
Sankyo third pinning technique
Sankyu third kyu rank
Seiza formal sitting position, sitting on oneís knees
Sempai senior student
Sensei - teacher
Shi four. Also refers to death, so in many cases the word "yon" is substituted.
Shichi - seven
Shidoin the second (or middle) of the three teaching ranks used in the United States Aikido Federation, Western Region
Shihan master. The third (or highest) of the three teaching ranks used in the United States Aikido Federation, Western Region.
Shihonage four direction throw
Shikko knee walking
Shodan first degree black belt
Shomen forehead, top of the head. Altar at the front of a dojo.
Shomenuchi overhead strike to the head
Suwariwaza techniques executed with both partners on their knees
Sumiotoshi corner drop, a throw which pulls the attacker diagonally backward
Tachiwaza standing techniques
Taijutsu "body arts", empty handed techniques
Tai no henko a basic blending exercise involving turning 180 degrees, "body changing"
Tenchinage heaven and earth throw
Tenkan turning the body 180 degrees and stepping back
Tenshin a movement where the nage retreats 45 degrees away from the attack
Tsuki a punch or thrust
Uchi inside, home. As a word ending it means strike, e.g. "shomenuchi" translates as "strike to the head".
Uchideshi "home student", a student who lives in the dojo
Udegarami tangled arm throw
Ueshiba Kisshomaru the second Doshu, the son of the founder of Aikido, now deceased
Ueshiba Morihei the founder of Aikido
Ueshiba Moriteru the grandson of the founder of Aikido, the third Doshu
Uke the person who initiates the attack and receives the technique
Ukemi the art of falling, receiving the technique
United States Aikido Federation, Western Region (USAFWR) a subdivision of the United States Aikido Federation, which is headed by T.K. Chiba Shihan, and is composed of students and dojos that are mainly, but not necessarily, located in the western United States. The Grass Valley Aikikai is a member dojo of the USAFWR.
Ura behind. Most aikido techniques have two versions, omote and ura. The omote version brings the action to front of the partnerís body. The ura version takes the action behind the partner.
Ushiro back, behind
Ushiro eridori grabbing the collar from behind
Ushiro kubishimi grabbing one hand from behind, and choking with the other hand
Ushiro ryokatadori grabbing both shoulders from behind
Ushiro ryotedori grabbing both hands from behind
Yondan fourth degree black belt
Yonkyo fourth pinning technique
Yonkyu second rank achieved by a beginner (forth below black belt)
Yokomen side of the head
Yokomenuchi strike to the side of the head
Yudansha person with black belt rank, or a group of people with black belt rank
Zanshin maintaining a martial awareness and connection after throwing
Zazen sitting meditation
Zen a type of Buddhism